The Fitness Principles
You can’t even take a walk in the park outside your house without being bombarded with advertisements for all sorts of health products, and that’s not just because everyone around you is obese. You’ll be reminded about fitness on TV, radio, news outlets, magazines – just about everywhere but your shower!
You may not have noticed it before since we’re surrounded by so much information on a daily basis now – from TV to social media to personal conversations – but there are an awful lot of ads for dieting and physical fitness these days. The fact that more than 40% of Americans are considered obese has helped boost marketing campaigns for everything from weight loss programs to protein-rich bars. The prevalence of other diseases like diabetes has only increased this.
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In this article, we’ll give you the basic run down of physical fitness. You may have heard that there are standards for what constitutes being physically fit – but just in case you haven’t, here they are: maintaining an active lifestyle with exercise or recreational sports at least 3 days a week; enjoying 30 minutes of aerobic activity on most days; maintaining proper weight and body composition through healthy eating habits. Physical fitness has been praised as one way to combat obesity rates which continue to rise worldwide. But it doesn’t stop there! Besides getting healthier, some athletes use their training time not only for workouts but also for fun games like football or basketball.
Most experts agree there are five basic components of fitness.
- Your level of aerobic endurance is a measurement of how efficiently your heart and lungs work together to supply oxygen to your body during exertion and exercise. This fitness component, referred to as aerobic fitness, will help you improve all other aspects of physical activity–both short-term and long-term.Aerobic endurance is the measure of how efficient your body’s organs are at supplying oxygen over time while performing moderately strenuous activities or exercises. Aerobic fitness is more than just strong muscles! It helps you with every facet of physical activity, from brief bursts like sprinting up stairs for one minute, to running a 10K marathon.
- Muscular Endurance- Muscular Endurance is a test of your fitness level based on how long you can hold one position or repeat the same movement. One example might be lifting five pounds 20 times in a row.Muscular endurance is tested by the ability to hold one position or repeat the same movement for an extended period of time. For example, if you want to measure muscular endurance it could be as simple as doing twenty pushups in a row without stopping.
- Muscular strength is the ability to exert maximum force. It can be possible to have greater muscular strength in one area, than another. For example, you may have great strength in your arms but lack the same kind of power in your legs. One way to test this would be by lifting the heaviest weight you can possibly lift.
- Limberness- Limberness is the ability to move a joint through its full range of motion or the elasticity of your muscles. The higher you are on this scale, the more flexible and limber you may be.
- Body Composition- This fitness area measures the proportion of fat in your body as compared to your bone and muscle. It doesn’t refer to your weight in pounds or the shape of your upper body. You can find out how much fat you have by calculating what’s known as a Body Mass Index (BMI), which is a numerical representation of an individual’s weight relative to their height, and it will tell you whether or not you are at risk for obesity-related conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, arthritis, cancer and sleep apnea. Body composition refers to the percentage of fat versus muscle on one’s frame. A person who has more muscle than fat is considered “lean” while someone with less than 20% muscle
The 3 key areas of exercise that every person should focus on are: stretching, aerobic activity, and strength training. These all contribute to your overall fitness level in a different way so giving each of these equal attention will help you get the most out of them. Eating well is also very important to improving your fitness level because it provides your body with nutrients that it needs for function and growth.
Healthy eating habits will boost your energy levels as well as provide your body with crucial nutrients from fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes/beans, dairy products and nuts/seeds. A diet high in fiber can also help regulate blood sugar levels which helps prevent diabetes or heart disease down the road due to weight gain.
To be at your best, it’s important to exercise. Picking up a new hobby such as martial arts is an excellent way to get in shape and meet people in your area. Choosing the right style of martial art for you can help make this process smoother. Martial arts styles are grouped into two broad categories: those which emphasize physical contact or sparring (including kickboxing), and those that focus on self-defense without contact, such as tai chi chuan or karate do.
It is never too late to improve your fitness level. Regardless of your physical fitness level, age, or the length of time it has been since you last exercised regularly, it’s never too late to start and maintain a good fitness routine. Your body is designed to move; if you don’t use it, you lose it!
It doesn’t matter what shape or form your workout takes as long as you are moving. Whether that means taking on new challenges at this stage in life like kayaking for the first time or just walking around the block after dinner instead of sitting – we all need movement every day. As soon as possible after reading this article (and understanding its importance), take action by incorporating some type of movement into today